APPOKANT: Algonquian phrases strung collectively presumably which means: Place of Thriller (Sacred) Tobacco The place We Dance….the language has many ‘holes’ in it from an un-necessary demise. presumably this was an space very productive of jimmson weed, accompanied with the un-inhibited enjoyment of the hallucinatory results of this weed, and the celebration of the great and strenuous life and…most of all…intercourse…with pleasant members of the other one…look, with girls strolling round many of the 12 months carrying nothing however a leather-based apron, perhaps not thonged up in again fairly often, this place might have made Hedonism II seem like amateur-hour…
Captain Smith writes:
"On the finish of forty miles this river environeth many low islands, at every excessive water drowned for a mile, the place it uniteth itself at a spot referred to as APOKANT, the best city inhabited"
WHAT WE SEE HERE BY CROSS-COMPARING THE ACCOUNT WITH THE MAPS IS AS FOLLOWS:
Word that the mapping exhibits that the FIRST PLACE on the Chickahominy River the place all of Smith’s descriptions match the terrain is simply north of Roxbury, an previous Chesapeake & Ohio Railway depot on the mainline from Richmond to Williamsburg.
since 1607, the river has silted and filled-in from the rain-runoff, because of un-wise farming practices getting used within the fields adjoining the river in the course of the intervening four Centuries. it’s essential to keep in mind, Smith wrote that the river backside right here was onerous. we moderns should mitigate our doubts about this location being Appokant as a result of terrain contouring on the present-day USGS map. on the time of the Smith exploration, for the reason that depth of the main-stream was better, the barge would have been in a position to go about this far, regardless that an actual reproduction of it couldn’t navigate to Roxbury in 2013 and not using a very shallow draft.
Smith is telling us that he can get 10 miles additional up the river in 1607, however his military-mind is telling him that if the Indians had been to assault his social gathering on the water on the 50 milepost, they might all be wanting Loss of life within the face with none Hope. they might be unable to deal with the barge correctly for a swift retreat and can be captured by warriors and handed over the Indian girls to be minimize up into items with sharp oyster shells.
within the 1880’s, when the C&O Railway civil engineers had been finding the rails via this space, they had been in a position to make use of the “many low islands” alongside the river. this could reduce the probabilities of logs and different particles floating alongside the river throughout a flood from doing important injury to the piers of the bridge crossing right here.
we will additionally see that the river does have numerous branches all alongside this part, with 7 forks of contributing streams in a 5 miles size of the main-stream. Smith would have ‘assumed’ that the numerous side-branches had been, maybe, simply as nice in watershed space and drainage quantity, in addition to length-to-source, because the mainstream would develop into.
at a number of factors alongside this space of the river, we will additionally observe that there’s a couple of mile of distance from one aspect of the tidal flood-ebb zone over to the opposite aspect of it.
if this ‘village-outpost’ was certainly the final one possessed by the tribe earlier than the cross-over into Pamunky tribal areas, the Chickahominy would NOT need to go away such an essential and populous settlement ‘hanging within the air’, as can be stated in army parlance. that may be inviting an assault from different tribes of the Confederation, if or when Wahunsenacock determined to attempt as soon as once more to subjugate the unbiased ‘Chicks.’ the postion of this final village or city must be militarily defensible. it could not be a spot that ‘invited assault’. so, it could more than likely:
1. be on excessive floor, enabling villagers to see nicely into the encompassing woods and up & down the river channels.
2. have a slender isthmus method from the land aspect, with a ‘choke-point’, enabling just some warriors to delay a shock assault, whereas girls and kids and older people might escape to the river.
three. can be close to to the river and the canoes collected there on the north shore, for quick escape.
four. would have loads of cleared-off land close to the village for the rising of food-stuff crops.
5. would have fresh-water springs in abundance for the straightforward supplying of a mess of household cooking pots.
6. would, ideally, have flanking and lively streams on each side of the village, permitting for one stream to be constantly thought of a ‘recent water provide’, and the opposite one to be thought of a ‘bathing aspect’, or a ‘gray water effluent run-off aspect’…in different phrases, that they had discovered not solely that the sewerage remedy plant is all the time downstream from the recent water filtration plant…however it’s even higher to maintain the streams-of-duty broad aside.
from the current-day map, we’ve got situated three potential village websites.
the entire websites match considerably into the Captain’s description of the river’s circumstances on the distance of roughly 40 miles up from the Chickahominy’s mouth on the James. (this author has no clue what-so-ever as to why the Captain would measure the size of any river by utilizing the Fort at Jamestown because the ZERO MILEPOST. Smith actually was not a complicated author fairly often, and his editors could have been fairly often off-base and doubly complicated, however he wouldn’t have allowed this error to go to print and keep in-print for lengthy)
the primary one reached by the exploring social gathering in 1607, to the south of Mountcastle, is a ‘shot-in-the-dark’ website. it’d match right into a romantically alluring description given by some folks that Powhatan’s final lodging place was ‘Orapacks’, and was ‘in the course of a swamp’. you normally have extra questions than solutions scratched to the floor by 19th Century ‘historians’ and by ‘uncle henry stated it was there’ legends being handed on by generations of Virginians who by no means actually appeared on the written information or the maps to resolve for themselves what’s true and what’s lore.
so the Mountcastle website, and any websites regarded as to the southeast therefrom, don’t match the Smith file.
if something, the river was MUCH MORE STRAIGHT IN 1607, and has develop into extra curved and sinuous within the 400 years since, which in actuality would stretch the riverine centerline distance of 40 miles that Smith wrote about additional UPSTREAM, towards the west. get a string of spaghetti off your plate one night time and take a look at this out for your self. fascinating…
the second defensible village website is at precisely 40 miles from the river’s entrance as Smith is counting the oar strokes of his ‘bargemen’….or is having one in every of his bargemen maintaining rely for him so he can suppose clearly and do extra essential issues. this website is about 60 acres up entrance, and it additionally has two streams flanking it, one for recent water and one for gray water. it additionally has about three spring-sites and a slender land-side method hole that’s about 700 ft throughout. it’s on very excessive floor, about 100 ft aloft of the river plain, and is accessible to a small off-shooting tributary of the river by descending a ravine or two. and there’s a distance of about 4300 ft throughout the river’s alluvial-plain right here. Smith’s story is a really near-perfect match with this place.
nonetheless, this tributary joins the primary river solely after operating roughly parallel to it for ½ a mile. this could make it potential for attacking Indians to cut-off the river escape route if the aggressors determined to aim a two pronged strike.
it’s extremely possible that the Chicks had been utilizing SEVERAL SITES right here within the space that they referred to as “appokant” (place of the sacred tobacco crops, or jimsonweed). so the trendy researcher would look on this website space to see if there might be discovered an irregular quantity of wholesome jimsonweed and floor covers that point out a long run human presence.
to this point, we’ve got a down-river website the place it’s potential the males would possibly ‘haunt’ to fish and cook dinner the catch whereas getting away from the ladies for ‘man-cave actions’. we’ve got a second website that matches all standards completely, however is just the dimensions of an ‘outpost’, if that is a matter that quantities to something.
the third website is about 400 acres in space, and has over a dozen potential spring-sites, in addition to flanking streams, and far excessive and clear floor for cultivation. it might provide three to four hundred folks with meals and group protection and security. HOWEVER….(oh, crap, what now?)…additionally it is the place we moderns name ‘Orapax Farms’.
does THIS imply that Appokant and Orapacks had been the SAME PLACE? wellllllll…. you be the choose on this problem. Orapacks was by no means as nicely described by anybody as Smith described Appokant, which description is about 33 phrases in size. and Orapacks is considerably cloaked in legend. moreover, why would Wahunsenacock be WANTED as a resident of a Chickahominy Indian village of such strategic significance, by individuals who basically HATED the considered a kingly ruler within the first place?? till the 1640’s the Chickahominys thought of themselves to be the closest of allies with the English colonists. the prospect that the Paramount Chief of 37 confederated tribes would reside at a spot WITHIN their territory, whether or not referred to as Orapacks, or Appokant, is distant within the excessive.
Uncle Henry could not have thought a lot about that problem both…..
from Smith’s file, we see that Appokant was situated someplace between Mountcastle and the mouth of Crump’s Creek. it can’t be southeast of Mountcastle, nor northwest of Crump’s Creek. IT HAD TO BE WEST OF (up-stream from) about three islands in the course of the river, as proven on the Smith Map. numerous peninsulas, containing greater than regular terrain, with open and flat fields that might have supported 2 to four hundred individuals comfortably, which might be environed with loads of freshwater springs and escape routes by way of the river, are on this zone of chance.
we relaxation our case….we’ve got sufficient proof for the Grand Jury however not sufficient to convict anybody.
GO AND DIG…however don’t maintain your breath ready for any Federal Grant cash.
THIS IS ONE OF THE BEST SHORT STORIES EVER WRITTEN BY AN AMERICAN AUTHOR
Topic: Burial At Sea
Highly effective stuff. Please take time to learn all of this. I want every American might learn this one. I really feel too many people fail to understand what our younger troops have achieved for us for thus lengthy, the freedoms they’ve protected for us. To solely those that would and will recognize it. This account is one in every of a form…a robust one which touches your coronary heart. Learn this slowly and to the tip. Powerful obligation then as it’s now.
Burial at Sea
by LtCol George Goodson, USMC (Ret)
In my 76th 12 months, the occasions of my life seem to me, once in a while,
as a collection of vignettes. Some had been important; most had been trivial.
Warfare is the seminal occasion within the lifetime of everybody that has endured it.
Although I fought in Korea and the Dominican Republic and was wounded
there, Vietnam was my battle.
Now 37 years have handed and, fortunately, I hardly ever consider these days
in Cambodia, Laos, and the panhandle of North Vietnam the place small groups
of People and Montangards fought a lot bigger components of the North
Vietnamese Military. As a substitute I see vignettes: some unique, some mundane:
*The scent of Nuc Mam.
*The warmth, mud, and humidity.
*The blue exhaust of cycles clogging the streets.
*Elephants transferring silently via the tall grass.
*Arduous eyes behind the servile smiles of the villagers.
*Standing on a mountain in Laos and listening to a tiger roar.
*A younger woman squeezing my hand as my medic delivered her child.
*The flowing Ao Dais of the younger girls biking down Tran Hung Dao.
*My two years as Casualty Notification Officer in North Carolina,
Virginia, and Maryland.
It was late 1967. I had simply returned after 18 months in Vietnam.
Casualties had been rising. I moved my household from Indianapolis to
Norfolk, rented a home, enrolled my kids of their fifth or sixth
new college, and purchased a second automotive.
Per week later, I placed on my uniform and drove 10 miles to Little Creek,
Virginia. I hesitated earlier than coming into my new workplace. Look is
essential to profession Marines. I used to be not, if ever, a poster Marine.
I had returned from my third tour in Vietnam solely 30 days earlier than. At
5’9", I now weighed 128 kilos – 37 kilos beneath my regular weight. My
uniforms match ludicrously, my pores and skin was yellow from malaria remedy,
and I feel I had a twitch or two.
I straightened my shoulders, walked into the workplace, appeared on the
nameplate on a Employees Sergeant’s desk and stated, "Sergeant Jolly, I am
Lieutenant Colonel Goodson. Listed here are my orders and my Qualification
Sergeant Jolly stood, appeared fastidiously at me, took my orders, caught out
his hand; we shook and he requested, "How lengthy had been you there, Colonel?" I
replied "18 months this time." Jolly breathed, "you should be a gradual
learner Colonel." I smiled.
Jolly stated, "Colonel, I will present you to your workplace and convey within the
Sergeant Main. I stated, "No, let’s simply go straight to his workplace."
Jolly nodded, hesitated, and lowered his voice, "Colonel, the Sergeant
Main. He is been on this job two years. He is packed fairly tight. I am
anxious about him." I nodded.
Jolly escorted me into the Sergeant Main’s workplace. "Sergeant Main,
that is Colonel Goodson, the brand new Commanding Workplace. The Sergeant Main
stood, prolonged his hand and stated, "Good to see you once more, Colonel." I
responded, "Hey Walt, how are you?" Jolly checked out me, raised an
eyebrow, walked out, and closed the door.
I sat down with the Sergeant Main. We had the compulsory cup of espresso
and talked about mutual acquaintances. Walt’s stress was palpable.
Lastly, I stated, "Walt, what is the h-ll’s incorrect?" He turned his chair,
appeared out the window and stated, "George, you are going to want you had been
again in Nam earlier than you allow right here. I have been within the Marine Corps since
1939. I used to be within the Pacific 36 months, Korea for 14 months, and Vietnam
for 12 months. Now I come right here to bury these youngsters. I am placing my letter
in. I am unable to take it anymore." I stated, "OK Walt. If that is what you need,
I will endorse your request for retirement and do what I can to push it
via Headquarters Marine Corps."
Sergeant Main Walt Xxxxx retired 12 weeks later. He had been a very good
Marine for 28 years, however he had seen an excessive amount of loss of life and an excessive amount of
struggling. He was used up.
Over the following 16 months, I made 28 loss of life notifications, carried out 28
army funerals, and made 30 notifications to the households of Marines
that had been severely wounded or lacking in motion. Many of the particulars of
these casualty notifications have now, fortunately, light from reminiscence.
4, nonetheless, stay.
MY FIRST NOTIFICATION
My third or fourth day in Norfolk, I used to be notified of the loss of life of a 19
12 months previous Marine. This notification got here by phone from Headquarters
Marine Corps. The knowledge detailed:
*Identify, rank, and serial quantity.
*Identify, handle, and cellphone variety of subsequent of kin.
*Date of and restricted particulars concerning the Marine’s loss of life.
*Approximate date the physique would arrive on the Norfolk Naval Air
*A powerful advice on whether or not the casket must be opened or
The boy’s household lived over the border in North Carolina, about 60 miles
away. I drove there in a Marine Corps workers automotive. Crossing the state line
into North Carolina, I ended at a small nation retailer / service
station / Publish Workplace. I went in to ask instructions.
Three folks had been within the retailer. A person and girl approached the small
Publish Workplace window. The person held a bundle. The Storeowner walked up and
addressed them by identify, "Hey John. Good morning Mrs. Cooper."
I used to be shocked. My casualty’s next-of-kin’s identify was John Cooper!
I hesitated, then stepped ahead and stated, "I urge your pardon. Are you
Mr. and Mrs. John Cooper of (handle.)
The daddy checked out me-I used to be in uniform – after which, shaking, bent at
the waist, and vomited. His spouse appeared horrified at him after which at me.
Understanding got here into her eyes and he or she collapsed in gradual movement. I
suppose I caught her earlier than she hit the ground.
The proprietor took a bottle of whiskey out of a drawer and handed it to Mr.
Cooper who drank. I answered their questions for a couple of minutes. Then I
drove them dwelling in my workers automotive. The storeowner locked the shop and
adopted of their truck. We stayed an hour or so till the household started
I returned the storeowner to his enterprise. He thanked me and stated,
"Mister, I would not have your job for one million ." I shook his
hand and stated; "Neither would I."
I vaguely keep in mind the drive again to Norfolk. Violating about 5
Marine Corps laws, I drove the workers automotive straight to my home. I
sat with my household whereas they ate dinner, went into the den, closed the
door, and sat there all night time, alone.
My Marines steered away from me for days. I had made my first loss of life
Weeks handed with extra notifications and extra funerals.. I borrowed
Marines from the native Marine Corps Reserve and taught them to conduct a
army funeral: how one can carry a casket, how one can fireplace the volleys and the way
to fold the flag.
After I offered the flag to the mom, spouse, or father, I all the time stated,
"All Marines share in your grief." I had been instructed to say, "On
behalf of a grateful nation…." I did not suppose the nation was grateful,
so I did not say that.
Typically, my feelings received the perfect of me and I could not communicate. When
that occurred, I simply handed them the flag and touched a shoulder. They
would take a look at me and nod. As soon as a mom stated to me, "I am so sorry you
have this horrible job." My eyes crammed with tears and I leaned over and
Six weeks after my first notification, I had one other. This was a younger
PFC. I drove to his mom’s home. As all the time, I used to be in uniform and
driving a Marine Corps workers automotive. I parked in entrance of the home, took a
deep breath, and walked in the direction of the home. All of the sudden the door flew open,
a middle-aged girl rushed out. She checked out me and ran throughout the
yard, screaming "NO! NO! NO! NO!"
I hesitated. Neighbors got here out. I ran to her, grabbed her, and
whispered silly issues to reassure her. She collapsed. I picked her up
and carried her into the home.. Eight or 9 neighbors adopted. Ten
or fifteen minutes later, the daddy got here in adopted by ambulance personnel.
I’ve no recollection of leaving.
The funeral befell about two weeks later. We went via the drill.
The mom by no means checked out me. The daddy checked out me as soon as and shook
his head sadly.
One morning, as I walked within the workplace, the cellphone was ringing. Sergeant
Jolly held the cellphone up and stated, "You’ve got received one other one, Colonel." I
nodded, walked into my workplace, picked up the cellphone, took notes, thanked
the officer making the decision, I don’t know why, and hung up. Jolly, who
had listened, got here in with a particular Phone Listing that interprets
phone numbers into the individual’s handle and place of employment.
The daddy of this casualty was a Longshoreman. He lived a mile from my
workplace. I referred to as the Longshoreman’s Union Workplace and requested for the
Enterprise Supervisor. He answered the cellphone, I advised him who I used to be, and requested
for the daddy’s schedule.
The Enterprise Supervisor requested, "Is it his son?" I stated nothing. After a
second, he stated, in a low voice, "Tom is at dwelling at present." I stated, "Do not
name him. I will deal with that." The Enterprise Supervisor stated, "Aye, Aye
Sir," after which defined, "Tom and I had been Marines in WWII."
I received in my workers automotive and drove to the home. I used to be in uniform. I
knocked and a girl in her early forties answered the door. I noticed
immediately that she was clueless. I requested, "Is Mr. Smith dwelling?" She
smiled pleasantly and responded, "Sure, however he is consuming breakfast now.
Are you able to come again later?" I stated, "I am sorry. It is essential. I must
see him now."
She nodded, stepped again into the seaside home and stated, "Tom, it is for
A second later, a ruddy man in his late forties, appeared on the door.
He checked out me, turned completely pale, steadied himself, and stated,
"Jesus Christ man, he is solely been there three weeks!"
Months handed. Extra notifications and extra funerals. Then at some point whereas
I used to be operating, Sergeant Jolly stepped exterior the constructing and gave a
loud whistle, two fingers in his mouth……. I by no means might do this…
and held an imaginary cellphone to his ear.
One other name from Headquarters Marine Corps. I took notes, stated, "Received
it." and hung up. I had stopped saying "Thank You" way back.
Jolly, "The place?"
Me, "Jap Shore of Maryland. The daddy is a retired Chief Petty
Officer. His brother will accompany the physique again from Vietnam…."
Jolly shook his head slowly, straightened, after which stated, "This time of
day, it’s going to take three hours to get there and again. I will name the Naval
Air Station and borrow a helicopter. And I will have Captain Tolliver get
one in every of his males to satisfy you and drive you to the Chief’s dwelling."
He did, and 40 minutes later, I used to be knocking on the daddy’s door. He
opened the door, checked out me, then appeared on the Marine standing at
parade relaxation beside the automotive, and requested, "Which one in every of my boys was it,
I stayed a few hours, gave him all the knowledge, my workplace and
dwelling cellphone quantity and advised him to name me, anytime.
He referred to as me that night about 2300 (11:00PM). "I’ve gone via my
boy’s papers and located his will. He requested to be buried at sea. Are you able to
make that occur?" I stated, "Sure I can, Chief. I can and I’ll."
My spouse who had been listening stated, "Are you able to do this?" I advised her, "I
don’t know. However I will break my ass making an attempt."
I referred to as Lieutenant Normal Alpha Bowser, Commanding Normal, Fleet
Marine Pressure Atlantic, at dwelling about 2330, defined the state of affairs, and
requested, "Normal, are you able to get me a fast appointment with the Admiral at
Atlantic Fleet Headquarters?" Normal Bowser stated," George, you be there
tomorrow at 0900. He’ll see you.
I used to be and the Admiral did. He stated coldly, "How can the Navy assist the
Marine Corps, Colonel." I advised him the story. He turned to his Chief of
Employees and stated, "Which is the sharpest destroyer in port?" The Chief of
Employees responded with a reputation.
The Admiral referred to as the ship, "Captain, you are going to do a burial at
sea. You will report back to a Marine Lieutenant Colonel Goodson till this
mission is accomplished."
He hung up, checked out me, and stated, "The subsequent time you want a ship,
Colonel, name me. You do not have to sic Al Bowser on my ass." I
responded, "Aye Aye, Sir" and received the h-ll out of his workplace.
I went to the ship and met with the Captain, Govt Officer, and the
Senior Chief. Sergeant Jolly and I skilled the ship’s crew for 4
days. Then Jolly raised a query none of us had considered. He stated,
"These authorities caskets are air tight. How will we hold it from
All of the excessive priced assist together with me sat there wanting dumb. Then the
Senior Chief stood and stated, "Come on Jolly. I do know a bar the place the
retired guys from World Warfare II hang around."
They returned a few hours later, barely the worst for put on, and
stated, "It is easy; we minimize 4 12" holes within the outer shell of the
casket on all sides and insert 300 lbs of lead within the foot finish of the
casket. We are able to deal with that, no sweat."
The day arrived. The ship and the sailors appeared razor sharp. Normal
Bowser, the Admiral, a US Senator, and a Navy Band had been on board. The
sealed casket was introduced aboard and brought beneath for modification. The
ship received underway to the 12-fathom depth.
The solar was scorching. The ocean flat. The casket was introduced aft and positioned
on a catafalque. The Chaplin spoke. The volleys had been fired. The flag
was eliminated, folded, and I gave it to the daddy. The band performed
"Everlasting Father Sturdy to Save." The casket was raised barely on the
head and it slid into the ocean.
The heavy casket plunged straight down about six ft. The incoming
water collided with the air pockets within the outer shell. The casket
stopped abruptly, rose straight out of the water about three ft,
stopped, and slowly slipped again into the ocean. The air bubbles rising
from the sinking casket sparkled within the within the daylight because the casket
disappeared from sight without end….
The subsequent morning I referred to as a private pal, Lieutenant Normal Oscar
Peatross, at Headquarters Marine Corps and stated, "Normal, get me out of
right here. I am unable to take this anymore." I used to be transferred two weeks later.
I used to be a very good Marine however, after 17 years, I had seen an excessive amount of loss of life and
an excessive amount of struggling. I used to be used up.
Vacating the home, my household and I drove to the workplace in a two-car
convoy. I stated my goodbyes. Sergeant Jolly walked out with me. He waved
at my household, checked out me with tears in his eyes, got here to consideration,
saluted, and stated, "Nicely Accomplished, Colonel. Nicely Accomplished."
I felt as if I had obtained the Medal of Honor!
A veteran is somebody who, at one level in his life, wrote a clean
examine made payable to ‘The US of America ‘ for an quantity of
‘as much as and together with my life.’ That’s Honor, and there are method too
many individuals on this nation who not perceive it.’
A BIT MORE ABOUT THE COLONEL:
THE STORY THAT APPEARED IN THE MARINE CORPS GAZETTE
Whitney Houston’s loss of life, whereas a tragic factor, was the direct results of very unwise life selections. It dominates the information.
Charlie Sheen is 45 and his story is all around the information as a result of he’s a substance abuser, an adulterer, sexually promiscuous and obnoxious.
Lindsay Lohan is 24 and her story is all around the information as a result of she is a celeb drug addict and thief.
One thing as frivolous as Kim Kardashian’s silly marriage ceremony [and short-lived marriage] was shoved down our throats.
In the meantime…..
Justin Allen, 23
Brett Linley, 29
Matthew Weikert, 29
Justus Bartett, 27
Dave Santos, 21
Jesse Reed, 26
Matthew Johnson, 21
Zachary Fisher, 24
Brandon King 23
Christopher Goeke, 23
and Sheldon Tate, 27…..
Are all Marines that gave their lives final month for you. There is no such thing as a media for them; not even a point out of their names. Honor THEM by sending this on.
Mr. Bury’s postscript:
The Medal of Honor is a Valor medal and says this on the Medal itself. it’s bestowed on women and men within the army who, in moments of utmost hazard, have been prepared to sacrifice the whole lot they’ve to avoid wasting the life or lives of different individuals. the phrase ‘VALOR’ means in a number of previous languages that the individual possessing it has extraordinarily nice ‘VALUE’. however for a second within the recipient’s life she or he considered everybody else in his/her unit as having rather more ‘worth’ than himself/herself.
subsequently, the Medal of Honor doesn’t belong to the recipient of the Medal, however as an alternative belongs to everybody BUT the recipient. it belongs to the individuals who had been serving with the recipient on the day it was merited..and it belongs to the Individuals of the USA of America as a tribute to the acute and persevering with ‘worth’ that we nonetheless place on Honor….a set of Beliefs and Values and Religion that the Nation was based upon and that can reside without end…and the recipient has been acknowledged by The Individuals of this Nation for appearing on these Beliefs, these Values and that Religion ‘above and past the Name of Obligation’.
www.victoriassecret.com/ www.wunderground.com/ www.bp.com/
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