Ramadan (Arabic : رمضان Ramaḍān, Arabic pronunciation: [rɑmɑˈdˤɑːn] ) (additionally Ramadhan, Ramadaan, Ramazan) is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar , which lasts 29 to 30 days. It’s the Islamic month of fasting , by which collaborating Muslims chorus from consuming and consuming  and is meant to show Muslims about persistence, humility, and spirituality. Muslims quick for the sake of God (Arabic : الله, trans: Allah ) and to supply extra prayer than regular. In comparison with the photo voltaic calendar , the dates of Ramadan range, shifting backwards by about eleven days annually relying on the moon ; thus, an individual could have fasted each day of the calendar 12 months in 34 years’ time. Muslims consider Ramadan to be an auspicious month for the revelations of God to humankind, being the month by which the primary verses of the Qur’an had been revealed to the Islamic prophet , Muhammad .
· 1 Origins of Ramadan
· 2 The Starting of Ramadan
· three Practices throughout Ramadan
o three.1 Fasting
o three.2 Prayer and studying of the Qur’an
o three.three Iftar
o three.four Charity
o three.5 Laylat al-Qadr
· four Eid ul-Fitr
· 5 Cultural points
o 5.1 Decorations
· 6 Financial points
· 7 See additionally
· eight References
· 9 Exterior hyperlinks
[edit ] Origins of Ramadan
The phrase Ramadan is derived from an Arabic root rmḍ, as in phrases like "ramiḍa" or "ar-ramaḍ" denoting intense warmth, scorched floor and shortness of rations. Ramadan, as a reputation for the month, is of Islamic origin. Previous to Islam and the exclusion of intercalary days from the Islamic calendar, the identify of the month was Natiq and the month fell within the heat season. The phrase was thus chosen because it properly represented the unique local weather of the month and the physiological situations precipitated from fasting. Within the Qur’an, God proclaims that "fasting has been written down (as compulsory) upon you, because it was upon these earlier than you". In line with a hadith , it’d discuss with the Jewish apply of fasting on Yom Kippur . 
[edit ] The Starting of Ramadan
Hilāl (the crescent ) is usually a day (or extra) after the astronomical new moon. Because the new moon signifies the start of the brand new month, Muslims can normally safely estimate the start of Ramadan.
There are a lot of disagreements annually nevertheless, on when Ramadan begins. This stems from the custom to sight the moon with the bare eye and as such there are variations for nations on reverse sides of the globe. Extra not too long ago nevertheless, some Muslims are leaning in direction of utilizing astronomical calculations to keep away from this confusion.
For the 12 months of 1432 Hijri , the primary day of Ramadan was decided to be August 1, 2011.
[edit ] Practices throughout Ramadan
[edit ] Fasting
Most important article: Sawm
Throughout the month of Ramadan, Muslims quick from daybreak to nightfall.
The month of Ramadan is the one by which the Qur’an was despatched down – proper Steering to mankind, and clear indicators of Steering and Distinction of reality from falsehood. These amongst you who witness it, let him quick therein. Whoever is sick or on a journey, then a lot of different days. God needs ease for you, and needs not hardship. Thus could you fulfil the variety of days assigned, amplify God for having guided you, and maybe you can be grateful.
Ayah 185, Sura 2 (Al-Baqara ), translation by Tarif Khalidi see: 
Ramadan is a time of reflecting, believing and worshiping God. Muslims are anticipated to place extra effort into following the teachings of Islam and to keep away from obscene and irreligious sights and sounds. Sexual activity amongst partner is allowed after one has ended the quick. Throughout fasting intercourse is prohibited in addition to consuming and consuming, one can be inspired to withstand all temptations when you are fasting. Purity of each ideas and actions is essential. The act of fasting is alleged to redirect the center away from worldly actions, its objective being to cleanse the internal soul and free it from hurt. It additionally teaches Muslims to apply self-discipline, self-control, sacrifice, and empathy for individuals who are much less lucky; thus encouraging actions of generosity and charity (Zakat ).
Muslims ought to begin observing the fasting ritual upon reaching the age of puberty , as long as they’re wholesome, sane and don’t have any disabilities or sicknesses. The aged, the chronically ailing, and the mentally ailing are exempt from fasting, though the primary two teams should endeavor to feed the poor instead of their missed fasting. Additionally exempt are pregnant ladies in the event that they consider it might be dangerous to them or the unborn child, ladies in the course of the interval of their menstruation, and girls nursing their newborns. A distinction of opinion exists amongst Islamic students as as to whether this final group should make up the times they miss at a later date, or feed poor folks as a recompense for days missed. Whereas fasting shouldn’t be thought-about obligatory in childhood , many kids endeavour to finish as many fasts as doable as apply for later life. Lastly, these touring (musaafir) are exempt, however should make up the times they miss. Extra particularly, Twelver Shī‘ah outline those that journey greater than 14 mi (23 km) in a day as exempt.
[edit ] Prayer and studying of the Qur’an
Along with fasting, Muslims are inspired to learn your entire Qur’an. Some Muslims carry out the recitation of your entire Qur’an via particular prayers, referred to as Tarawih , that are held within the mosques each night time of the month, throughout which an entire part of the Qur’an (Juz’ , which is 1/30 of the Qur’an) is recited. Subsequently your entire Qur’an can be accomplished on the finish of the month.
Ramadan can be a time when Muslims are to decelerate from worldly affairs and give attention to self-reformation, non secular cleaning and enlightenment; that is to determine a hyperlink between themselves and God via prayer, supplication, charity, good deeds, kindness and serving to others. Since it’s a pageant of giving and sharing, Muslims put together particular meals and purchase presents for his or her household and associates and for giving to the poor and needy who can not afford it; this may contain shopping for new garments, sneakers and different objects of want. There may be additionally a social facet involving the preparation of particular meals and alluring folks for Iftar .
[edit ] Iftar
Most important article: Iftar
Iftar in Sultan Ahmed Mosque in Is Istanbul ,Turkey
Muslims all world wide will abstain from food and drinks, via fasting, from daybreak to sundown. At sundown, the household will collect the fast-breaking meal referred to as Iftar . The meal begins with the consuming of a date — simply as Prophet Muhammad used to do. Then it is time for the Maghrib prayer, which is the fourth of the 5 day by day prayers, after which the principle meal is served. 
Over time, Iftar has grown into banquet festivals. It is a time of fellowship with households, associates and surrounding communities, however can also occupy bigger areas at mosques or banquet halls, the place 100 or extra could collect at a time.
Most markets shut down throughout night prayers and the Iftar meal, however then re-open and keep open for a superb a part of the night time. Muslims could be seen buying, consuming, spending time with their family and friends in the course of the night hours. In lots of Muslim nations, this may final late into the night, to early morning. Nonetheless, in the event that they attempt to attend to enterprise as regular, it could grow to be a time of private trials, fasting with out espresso or water.
[edit ] Charity
Charity is essential in Islam, and much more so throughout Ramadhan. In line with custom, Ramadhan is a very blessed time to provide in charity, because the reward is 700 instances higher than every other time of the 12 months. For that motive, Muslims will spend extra in charity (sadaqa), and lots of pays their zakat throughout Ramadhan, to obtain the blessings (reward). In lots of Muslim nations, it isn’t unusual to see folks giving meals to the poor and the homeless, and to even see massive public areas for the poor to return and break their quick. It’s stated that if an individual helps a fasting individual to interrupt their quick, then they obtain a reward for that quick, with out diminishing the reward that the fasting individual bought for his or her quick.
[edit ] Laylat al-Qadr
Most important article: Laylat al-Qadr
Typically known as "the night time of decree or measures", Laylat al-Qadr is taken into account essentially the most holy night time of the 12 months. Muslims consider that Laylat al-Qadr is the night time by which the Qur’an was first revealed to the Prophet Muhammad . Additionally, it’s believed to have occurred on an odd-numbered night time over the last 10 days of Ramadan, both the night time of the 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th or 29th. Shiites additionally commemorate the assault on Imam `Ali ibn Abi Talib and his subsequent martyrdom yearly on the 19th, 21st and 23rd of Ramadan.
[edit ] Eid ul-Fitr
Most important article: Eid ul-Fitr
The vacation of Eid ul-Fitr (Arabic : عيد الفطر) marks the tip of the fasting interval of Ramadan and the primary day of the next month, after one other new moon has been sighted. The Eid falls after 29 or 30 days of fasting, per the lunar sighting. Eid ul-Fitr means the again to the fitrah ; normally a particular celebration is made. Meals is donated to the poor (Zakat al-fitr ); everybody places on their greatest, normally new, garments; and communal prayers are held within the early morning, adopted by feasting and visiting kinfolk and associates. The prayer is 2 Raka’ah solely, and it’s sunnah muakkad  versus the obligatory (Fard) 5 day by day prayers. Muslims are anticipated to do that as an act of worship, and to thank God.
[edit ] Cultural points
[edit ] Decorations
Ramadan is met with varied decorations all through the streets. In Egypt , lanterns are identified to be a logo of Ramadan. They’re hung throughout the cities of Egypt, a part of an 800 12 months outdated custom, the origin of which is alleged to lie within the Fatimid period the place the Caliph Al-Muizz Lideenillah was greeted by folks holding lanterns to have a good time his ruling. From that point lanterns had been used to gentle mosques and homes all through the town.
In different Muslim nations, lights are strung up in public squares, and throughout metropolis streets, so as to add to the festivities of the month. Within the West, many Muslim households have taken to adorning the within of their houses to make Ramadhan a extra particular time for his or her kids.
[edit ] Financial points
In Egypt, nationwide statistics have pointed to substantial enhance in consumption of meals, electrical energy, and drugs associated to digestive problems in the course of the month of Ramadan as in contrast with the month-to-month common in the remainder of the 12 months.
Tagged: , Gulf Tamil Nanbarkal , Abudhabi , Dubai , Kuwait , Qatar , Bharain , Saudi Arabia , Oman